A lthough most people manage to cope with the negative aspects of migration through the existence of other positive aspects, migration is a risk factor in mental health due to migratory stress or bereavement, called immigrant’s syndrome or Ulysses’ syndrome.

Sources of stress

  • Loneliness caused by the separation of loved ones.
  • Feeling hopeless and a failure because of the few opportunities to get ahead with this project.
  • Absence of a social support network.
  • Fight economic problems such as paying for housing, food.
  • Fear or disorientation.
  • Temporality.

Stages of grief

  • Denial, the reality of change is not accepted.
  • Resistance, in the face of difficulties and challenges, complains about the effort involved in adaptation.
  • Acceptance, settles thoroughly in the new situation.
  • Restitution, accepting the good and bad of both the country of origin and the host country, involves affective reconciliation.

Psychological defenses

P eople use a series of psychological defenses or errors that are psychological defense mechanisms. They are not in themselves negative but when they are plentiful they radically distort the view we have of reality and prevent us from adapting and preparing for migratory grief.

  • Selective abstraction is about focusing on a detail drawn out of context.
  • Arbitrary inference, excessive generalization when a conclusion or rule is drawn from one or more isolated facts.
  • Maximization and minimization, distortion modifying the magnitude of events.
  • Personalization, attributing external phenomena unjustifiably.
  • Absolutist or dichotomous thinking, classify experiences as “all or nothing”, in extreme categories.

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